In the wake of the Second World War, the Allied nations decided to continue their alliance, politically and militarily, in order to prevent the international spread of communism, a genuine threat to NATO’s existence. That alliance became known as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, named after its establishing North Atlantic Treaty. In the latter half of the 20th century, NATO was confronted with the Warsaw Pact, a rival military organization associated with the Soviet Union and the gradual rise of communism. With the fall of the Soviet Union, however, NATO is adapting to the 21st century and has increasingly assumed a role as a peacekeeping organization beyond that of a military alliance.
This committee is specifically designed for intermediate and experienced delegates. Position papers, although strongly recommended, are not required. However, delegates who wish to be considered for an award must submit their position papers by February 7th, 2020, at 23:59 PST. More information about position papers can be found on page 3 of the Background Guide.
Founded in 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was initially established to counter the ever-growing Communist threat under Soviet influence. One of the main pillars of NATO’s existence has always been the shared ideology of collective defence. In 2006, NATO mandated that all member states were to pay a minimum 2% of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) towards the alliance’s defence budget by 2024. However, only seven nations met this mandate in 2019. With the United States and various other countries exerting pressure on the organization, this begs the existential question of whether or not the organization will maintain relevance in the 21st century. In developing a solution, delegates will need to draw on an understanding of both the historical presence of NATO and the significance of collective defence in the modern political climate.
The Mediterranean Sea has long offered NATO a strategic location for its defensive naval and air operations. However, recent developments within the region have caused the Mediterranean to experience an influx of African and Middle Eastern migrants. Such developments stem from oppressive regimes and civil wars in Syria, Sudan, Afghanistan, and Iraq that have displaced millions of families that are now searching for refuge. With so many migrants flooding Europe, how NATO should handle the influx of migrants has become an increasingly pertinent question. In order to solve this pressing issue, delegates will need to formulate multifaceted and coherent solutions that take into account the multitude of factors present in the scenario.
Cameron Brawn | Director
Cameron is a senior attending Richmond Christian Secondary School and is honoured to be serving as the Director for NATO at VMUN 2020. His Model UN journey began in Grade 9, where he became intrigued by the engaging discussions and political debate evident within each committee session. Since then, he has delegated and staffed at numerous conferences spanning across the Lower Mainland. Outside of MUN, Cameron can be found playing hockey, endlessly scrolling through 80’s Spotify playlists, or pursuing his passion of economics and commerce-related studies. As this upcoming iteration of VMUN will be his last, Cameron hopes that all delegates in NATO are inspired by the ideals promoted within Model UN and that this weekend will be a lasting memory for all.
Rhéa Tabet | Chair
Rhéa is a Grade 12 IB student at École Secondaire Jules-Verne, and she is thrilled to be serving as the Chair of NATO at VMUN 2020. Having only delegated her first conference just a little over 2 years ago, Rhéa has grown very fond of intense debate, as well as public speaking. Additionally, she has always loved the social aspect of MUN and looks forward to meeting new people. During her spare time she enjoys watching movies, aimlessly walking around Downtown, and spending time with her friends. Rhéa wishes the best of luck to all delegates attending the conference this year, and hopes it will be a memorable and exciting experience for everyone.
Mike Zhang | Assistant Director
Currently a junior at Fraser Heights Secondary School, Mike is excited to serve as the Assistant Director of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Ever since timidly raising his placard at his first conference in Grade 10, Mike has been entrapped by the professional nature of Model United Nations. After attending numerous conferences, he has created amazing friendships, broadened his view on global issues and discovered the world of fast-paced debate and diplomacy. Outside of MUN, he can be found hitting balls on the golf course, jump-smashing on the badminton court, or scaling his businesses. Mike hopes to make VMUN 2020 a great and memorable experience filled with insightful debate for all delegates!
You can contact the Director at firstname.lastname@example.org. Any questions regarding the committee or its debate procedures will be answered by email. Position papers must also be submitted to this address.