The African Union is a continental union established in 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and launched in 2002 in South Africa, with the aim of replacing the Organisation of African Unity (OAU, established in 1963 with 32 signatory governments). It was created with a variety of objectives: to achieve greater unity between African nations, to protect the sovereignty of member states, to promote democratic principles, and many more. The AU is the principal body tasked with promoting pan-Africanism and facilitating continental integration. Following the January 2017 admission of Morocco, the AU now comprises all of continental Africa.
This committee is specifically designed for intermediate and experienced delegates. Position papers, although strongly recommended, are not required. However, delegates who wish to be considered for an award must submit their position papers by February 7th, 2020, at 23:59 PST. More information about position papers can be found on page 3 of the Background Guide.
African leaders all agree that agricultural development is an effective way to bolster the continent’s economy in coming decades. As agricultural development becomes increasingly relevant in policy discussions, Africa is not alone in its hopes to grow its agricultural sector: many powerful foreign bodies, such as China and the European Union, have taken an interest in African development. Some nations view these developed nations’ eagerness to contribute as collaboration, while others are more skeptical to accept this aid. In developing a solution, delegates must be conscious of both African nations’ control over their economic future and the means through which they are able to further their agricultural endeavors.
Since rapid decolonization took place in Africa during the 1950s and 60s, political instability has stifled the continent’s economic potential. Although many African nations are beginning to embrace democracy, this is typically on a superficial level. Often, autocrats may hold elections that are rigged to ensure their prolonged incumbency, and the result is outrage from the general public. Thus, one concrete method of combatting this instability is by ensuring that African elections are peaceful and become increasingly representative of the people’s will. To create an effective resolution, delegates must address both the need for democratic African elections and the ways in which this can be attained while working within the African Union’s jurisdiction and adhering to their nations’ political beliefs.
Kai Choi | Director
Kai Choi is a junior attending St. George’s School. He is excited to direct the African Union at VMUN 2020. His journey with Model UN began in 2015, where he sat through his first few committee sessions—also in the African Union—restricted by his intense fear of public speaking. However, he has since overcome this phobia and spent several weekends over the past few years pursuing his interest in the activity; he continues to enjoy the way that MUN allows him to learn about the world he lives in. Outside of MUN, you can find Kai swimming the 100-meter breaststroke, playing drums, or catching up on the last 60 years of popular music. Kai looks forward to his first time directing a committee and hopes that the delegates enjoy their time at VMUN.
Jeffrey Luo | Chair
Jeffrey is a senior student at Port Moody Secondary School enrolled in the IB programme. Jeffrey entered MUN initially to confront his fears with public speaking and social awkwardness, and has since been inspired to overcome those weaknesses through the vigorous debates and heated discussions in MUN conferences. Jeffrey hopes that he can help bring the same experience to the delegates at VMUN. Besides MUN, Jeffrey enjoys making faulty programs, watching recipe videos but never cooking anything, following politics, and watching horror movies alone. Jeffrey is very excited to meet all delegates of VMUN and looks forward to an exciting and unforgettable weekend!
Asha Paranjpe | Assistant Director
Asha is a junior at Crofton House and delighted to be serving as the Assistant Director for the African Union at VMUN 2020! Since entering the world of Model United Nations as a confused Grade 9, she has grown to love the riveting debate, passionate speeches, and ungodly amounts of coffee consumed to stay awake during a conference. The AU was Asha’s first VMUN committee, so she is beyond excited to return two years later for another iteration of a fast paced and intriguing committee. Outside of MUN, Asha can be found obsessively watching ‘The Office’ or ‘Pride and Prejudice’, napping, curling up with a good book, or having another nap. She looks forward to meeting you all in February!
You can contact the Director at AU@vmun.com. Any questions regarding the committee or its debate procedures will be answered by email. Position papers must also be submitted to this address.